# What Does 3 Bet Mean In Poker

James Lopez
September 8, 2023
111 Views

## Introduction

What Does 3 Bet Mean In Poker: In the intricate world of poker, the term “3-bet” is more than just a numerical expression; it’s a strategic maneuver that can define the course of a hand and even an entire game. A 3-bet, also known as a “re-raise,” is a pivotal move that goes beyond the initial bets made in a hand of poker game. It’s a calculated escalation of the stakes, signaling both strength and intent to opponents around the table.

This poker tactic adds layers of complexity to the game, transforming it from a mere battle of cards into a psychological and strategic showdown. Understanding the nuances of when and how to execute a 3-bet is crucial for any serious poker player.

In the realm of poker, the term “3-bet” is a phrase that carries significant strategic weight. It represents a pivotal moment in a hand, where a player makes the third aggressive bet in a particular betting round. While it might seem like just another betting increment, the 3-bet is a versatile tool that can serve various purposes in a player’s arsenal.

## What is 2-bet and 3 bet in poker?

Well, the blinds are considered the first bet, the first raise pre-flop is considered the 2-bet, and thus the second raise pre-flop is considered a 3-bet. For example, if you are playing 2/4 No Limit Holdem. Before the start of the hand, the small blind and the big blind post their blinds.

In the world of poker, the terms “2-bet” and “3-bet” refer to specific betting actions that players can take during a hand. These actions go beyond the initial bet (referred to as the “1-bet”) made in a hand and are crucial elements of poker strategy, particularly in no-limit and pot-limit games. Let’s delve into what 2-bet and 3-bet mean in poker and how they can impact the game.

1. The 1-Bet:

Before we discuss 2-bets and 3-bets, let’s establish what the 1-bet is. In poker, the 1-bet is simply the initial bet made by a player when the action comes to them. The size of this bet can vary depending on the specific game and table stakes.

2. The 2-Bet (Also Known as a “Raise”):

A 2-bet, often referred to as a “raise,” is the act of increasing the amount of the current bet. The player initiating the 2-bet must bet at least double the amount of the current bet.

Both 2-bets and 3-bets serve strategic purposes in poker:

2-Bets (Raises):

• Value: Players make 2-bets to extract more money from opponents when they believe they have a strong hand.
• Isolation: A 2-bet can be used to isolate a specific opponent, reducing the number of players in the hand and increasing the chances of winning.
• Bluff: Players can also make 2-bets as a bluff to deceive opponents into folding better hands.

3-Bets (Re-Raises):

• Strength: 3-bets indicate even stronger hands than 2-bets. They often signify premium holdings like high pairs (e.g., aces or kings) or strong suited connectors.
• Pressure: 3-bets put significant pressure on opponents. They force opponents to make a tough decision – either fold, call, or re-raise.
• Balancing: Skilled players use 3-bets not only for strong hands but also to balance their ranges, making it harder for opponents to read their hands.

When to Use 2-Bets and 3-Bets:

The decision to use 2-bets and 3-bets depends on various factors:

• Hand Strength: The stronger your hand, the more likely you are to use these bets. You want to build the pot when you have a strong hand and protect it from drawing hands.
• Opponent Tendencies: Knowing your opponents’ playing styles and tendencies can help you decide when to use these bets. Against tight players, you might 2-bet or 3-bet more often, while against loose players, you might do it less frequently.

2-Bets and 3-Bets are fundamental concepts in poker, representing different levels of aggression and confidence in a player’s hand. Understanding when and how to use these bets for poker strategy can significantly impact your success at the tables. Whether you’re looking to extract value, apply pressure, or execute a well-timed bluff, mastering the art of 2-betting and 3-betting is a critical skill for any poker player.

## How much is a 3-bet in poker?

What is a good 3-bet percentage? Strong, winning players do not 3-bet only their strongest hands. At the low stakes, a good 3-bet percentage will be around 5%–9%. Players can win aggressively with 3-bet percentages as high as 11%, however generally for beginners it is much easier to play with a tighter 3-bet range.

In poker, the term “3-bet” refers to a specific type of bet or raise made during a hand. To understand how much a 3-bet is, it’s crucial to grasp the context and mechanics behind this betting action. Let’s explore what a 3-bet is, how it works, and the varying amounts associated with it.

Determining the Amount of a 3-Bet:

The amount of a 3-bet can vary significantly based on the poker variant being played and the specific betting rules of the game. Here are some common scenarios for determining the amount of a 3-bet:

1. Pot-Limit and No-Limit Games:

In pot-limit and no-limit poker games, the minimum amount of a 3-bet is typically double the amount of the previous raise. However, players are allowed to raise any amount between the minimum and the total amount of chips they have in front of them. This means a 3-bet can be substantially larger than just double the previous raise.

1. Fixed-Limit Games:

In fixed-limit poker games, the 3-bet amount is predetermined by the betting structure. In such games, the 3-bet is typically the third bet increment in a given round. For instance, in a \$5/\$10 fixed-limit game, the 3-bet would be \$30.

1. The Strategic Use of 3-Bets:

The amount of a 3-bet is not solely about the chips involved; it’s also a strategic tool that can convey valuable information to opponents. Here are some key strategic considerations when making a 3-bet:

• Strength of Hand: A larger 3-bet often signals a stronger hand, as it represents a more significant commitment of chips. Skilled players use this to their advantage by varying their 3-bet sizes with different hand strengths.
• Table Dynamics: Consider the playing style of your opponents and the current table dynamics. Against tight players, a larger 3-bet might be more effective, while against looser opponents, a smaller 3-bet might accomplish your goals.

The amount of a 3-bet in poker depends on the betting structure of the game being played, with pot-limit and no-limit games offering more flexibility in sizing. A 3-bet is not only about the chips put into the pot but also serves as a strategic tool to communicate your hand’s strength and manipulate your opponents’ decisions. Skillful use of 3-bets is a vital aspect of poker strategy, and understanding how to size them appropriately can greatly impact your success at the poker table.

## What is the best of 3 in poker?

The different hands in 3 card poker from worst to best are:

• High Card: The highest single card in your hand.
• Pair: Two cards of the same rank.
• Flush: Three cards of the same suit.
• Straight: Three consecutive cards in any suit.
• Three of a Kind: Three cards of the same rank.

In poker, there is no concept known as the “best of 3.” It appears there might be some confusion or misunderstanding regarding poker terminology or rules. Poker is typically played as a single hand or over multiple hands in a session, but there isn’t a “best of 3” format in traditional poker.

However, there are some variations and poker games that involve playing a series of hands, and the winner is determined based on the results of those hands. Let’s explore a few poker formats that involve playing multiple hands to determine the overall winner:

1. Tournament Poker: In tournament poker, players compete in a series of hands or levels, with each player starting with a certain number of chips. The goal is to accumulate chips by winning hands and eliminating opponents. The tournament continues until one player has all the chips, and they are declared the winner. In this format, there is no “best of 3”; it’s a continuous competition until a single winner emerges.
1. Cash Games: In cash games, players buy-in for a certain amount of money and play individual hands. The objective is to win chips from opponents. Cash games don’t typically involve a “best of 3” structure. Players can join or leave the game at any time, and there’s no predetermined number of hands.
1. Heads-Up Matches: Some players engage in heads-up matches, where two players face off against each other in a series of hands. However, the winner is usually determined based on who accumulates the most chips during the match, rather than a specific “best of 3” format.

Traditional poker, as played in casinos and poker rooms, does not use a “best of 3” structure. Poker games follow established rules and structures, such as Texas Hold’em, Omaha, Seven Card Stud, and others, where players compete in individual hands and aim to win chips or pots.

There is no standard “best of 3” format in traditional poker. Poker games are typically played one hand at a time, with the objective of winning chips or pots. Any variation involving a “best of 3” structure would be a custom or house rule, and all players should be aware of and agree to these rules before participating in the game.

## What is the rule of 3 poker?

Basic Rules of Three-Card Poker

Each player must make an “Ante” wager in order to play. Optional bets such as “Pairs Plus” and a Progressive Jackpot bet may be made. Each player and the dealer are dealt three cards face down. The player will review their hand and must decide whether to fold or “Play”.

In poker, the “Rule of 3” is not a recognized or standard rule within the game’s official ruleset. However, it’s possible that you might be referring to a common strategy or guideline known as the “Rule of 4 and 2” or the “4/2 Rule,” which is often used by players to estimate their chances of completing a drawing hand (such as a flush or a straight) before the next community cards are dealt.

Let’s delve into the concept of the “Rule of 4 and 2” in poker:

1. The Rule of 4 and 2:

The Rule of 4 and 2 is a simple mathematical shortcut that allows poker players to make quick estimations of their odds of completing a drawing hand on the turn and river cards. It is particularly useful in Texas Hold’em and Omaha, where community cards are dealt in multiple betting rounds (flop, turn, and river).

1. Here’s how the Rule of 4 and 2 works:

After the Flop (On the Turn): When you have a drawing hand (e.g., an open-ended straight draw or a flush draw) after the flop, you can use the Rule of 4 and 2 to estimate your chances of completing the hand on the turn. Simply multiply the number of outs you have by 4 to get an approximate percentage of your chances of completing the hand.

Using the previous example, if you had 9 outs on the turn but missed, your approximate chances of hitting your flush on the river would be 9 * 2 = 18%.

The Rule of 4 and 2 is a simplified estimation and not an exact calculation. The actual odds may vary slightly depending on the specific situation and the cards that have already been revealed. Professional players often use more precise methods and software to calculate odds, but the Rule of 4 and 2 provides a quick and reasonably accurate way for casual players to assess their drawing hand’s potential.

The “Rule of 4 and 2” is a valuable poker strategy tool for estimating drawing hand odds in Texas Hold’em and Omaha. It allows players to make quick calculations to assess their chances of completing a hand with community cards to come. While it’s not a strict rule of the game, it is a widely used guideline among poker players to aid decision-making during play.

## What is a 3 bet or 4 bet in poker?

For those who are new to the game, a 3-bet usually refers to when one player raises another player’s raise before the flop is dealt. For the remainder of this article, a 4-bet will refer to any time a player re-raises another player’s 3-bet before the flop is dealt.

In poker, a “3-bet” and a “4-bet” are specific types of bets or raises that occur during a hand, particularly in no-limit and pot-limit games. These actions add layers of strategy and complexity to the game, as they involve multiple rounds of aggressive betting. Let’s delve into what 3-betting and 4-betting mean in poker, how they differ, and the strategic considerations behind each.

1. The 3-Bet:

A 3-bet, also known as a “re-raise,” occurs when a player raises the current bet after a previous player has already raised in the same betting round. It is the third bet (or raise) in that particular round. The 3-bet typically signifies a strong hand and a desire to build the pot.

Here’s how a 3-bet works:

• Player A makes the initial bet (1-bet or “open”).
• Player B raises that bet (2-bet or “raise”).
• Player C then makes a 3-bet by raising the 2-bet.

The 3-bet is often used for various strategic purposes, including:

• Value: A player makes a 3-bet to extract more money from opponents when they believe they have a strong hand.
• Isolation: It can be used to isolate a specific opponent, reducing the number of players in the hand and increasing the chances of winning.
• Bluff: Players can also make 3-bets as bluffs to deceive opponents into folding better hands.

2. The 4-Bet:

A 4-bet is the next level of betting beyond a 3-bet or re-raise. It is the fourth bet (or raise) in the current betting round. While less common than 3-bets, 4-bets are a strong indication of a premium hand and a high level of aggression.

When deciding whether to make a 3-bet or a 4-bet, several strategic factors come into play:

1. Opponent Tendencies: Understanding your opponents’ playing styles and tendencies is crucial. Against tight players, you might 3-bet or 4-bet more liberally, while against aggressive players, you might use these bets more selectively.
1. Table Dynamics: The current state of the game, including stack sizes, the stage of the tournament (in tournament play), and the history of the hand, all influence the decision to 3-bet or 4-bet.

3-Betting and 4-Betting are advanced poker strategies used to exert pressure, build pots, and represent strong hands. The key is to balance your betting range and adjust your approach based on your hand, your opponents, and the overall dynamics of the game.

## What is a 3-bet in poker, and how does it differ from other types of bets?

In the realm of poker strategy, the concept of a “3-bet” is fundamental and plays a crucial role in shaping the dynamics of a hand. To understand what a 3-bet is and how it differs from other types of bets in poker, we need to delve into the intricacies of poker betting and its various stages.

A 3-bet, also known as a “re-raise,” is a specific type of bet made during a hand of poker. It occurs when a player raises the current bet after a previous player has already raised in the same betting round. The third bet (or raise) made in that particular round.

Here’s how a 3-bet works:

• Player A makes the initial bet (also known as the “1-bet” or “open”).
• Player B responds by raising that bet (the “2-bet” or “raise”).
• Player C, in turn, makes a 3-bet by raising the 2-bet.
• The key distinction of a 3-bet is that it follows two previous bets or raises, demonstrating a higher level of aggression and strength compared to the initial bet or raise. A 3-bet is typically indicative of a strong hand or a strategic move to put pressure on opponents.

To understand the differences between a 3-bet and other types of bets in poker, let’s examine the primary betting actions commonly encountered in the game:

1-Bet (Open): The 1-bet, also known as the “open” or “initial bet,” is the first bet made by a player when the action comes to them. It sets the stage for the rest of the hand. The size of the 1-bet can vary based on the specific game and table stakes.

2-Bet (Raise): A 2-bet occurs when a player raises the current bet. It signifies a desire to increase the stakes, and it typically follows the initial bet (1-bet). The player initiating the 2-bet must bet at least double the amount of the current bet.

3-Bet (Re-Raise): As discussed earlier, a 3-bet is the third bet (or raise) made in a betting round. It is a re-raise of the previous bet (2-bet). A 3-bet is often a more aggressive move that signals strength, strategic intent, and a higher level of commitment to the hand.

A 3-bet in poker is a specific type of bet or re-raise that occurs after the initial bet and the first raise in a betting round. It differs from other bets by its position in the betting sequence, its strength indicator, its psychological impact on opponents, and its role in pot building. Understanding the nuances of 3-betting is a critical aspect of advanced poker strategy, as it allows players to leverage their strong hands and apply pressure strategically during a hand.

## When is it strategically advantageous to make a 3-bet in a poker game?

In poker, the decision to make a 3-bet is a pivotal strategic choice that can significantly impact the course of a hand and the overall outcome of a game. A well-timed 3-bet can be a potent weapon in a player’s arsenal. Here are several key situations in which making a 3-bet can be strategically beneficial in a poker game:

1. Strong Hand: The most obvious and common situation to make a 3-bet is when you have a strong starting hand. This typically includes premium hands like high pairs (e.g., aces or kings) or strong-suited connectors (e.g., Ace-King suited). By 3-betting with these hands, you build the pot and increase the potential for a substantial payoff if your opponent calls or raises.

2. Isolating Opponents: A 3-bet can be used strategically to isolate a specific opponent. This is particularly effective when you identify a player at the table who is likely to call but not re-raise frequently. By making a 3-bet, you discourage other players from entering the pot, increasing your chances of playing heads-up against the opponent you wish to isolate.

3. Attacking Tight Players: In a game where you’ve observed that certain opponents play a tight and conservative style, making timely 3-bets can be advantageous. Tight players tend to fold more often, especially when facing aggression. By 3-betting them, you can exploit their tendency to fold too frequently and accumulate chips without having to see a flop.

4. Countering Aggressive Opponents: If you’re facing an aggressive opponent who frequently raises or 3-bets, you can use the 3-bet as a defensive weapon. When you have a strong hand, you can 3-bet in response to their raises to gain more value from their aggressive tendencies. This tactic can also be used to slow down overly aggressive opponents who may be bluffing.

Making a 3-bet in a poker game can be strategically advantageous in various situations. It allows you to build pots with strong hands, isolate opponents, exploit opponents’ tendencies, and exert control over the table. However, to exercise discretion and not become overly aggressive with 3-bets, as this can lead to costly mistakes.

## What are the primary objectives of a 3-bet in poker, and how does it impact the dynamics of a hand?

In poker, a 3-bet is a strategic move that plays a pivotal role in shaping the dynamics of a hand. Its primary objectives are multifaceted, and its impact on the course of a hand can be profound. To understand the essence of a 3-bet and its influence, to delve into its primary objectives and how it alters the dynamics of a poker hand.

Primary Objectives of a 3-Bet:

1. Value Extraction: One of the primary objectives of a 3-bet is to extract maximum value from strong hands. When you have a premium hand, like high pairs (e.g., aces or kings), 3-betting allows you to build the pot and potentially win a larger amount of chips from your opponents. This value extraction maximizes your potential profit when you have a strong hand.
1. Apply Pressure: Another significant goal of a 3-bet is to apply pressure on your opponents. When you 3-bet, it sends a message that you have a strong hand and are willing to commit more chips to the pot. This puts pressure on your opponents, forcing them to make challenging decisions. They must decide whether to fold, call, or re-raise, all while uncertain about the strength of your hand.
1. Steal Blinds and Antes: In late position or when you observe that the blinds and antes are vulnerable, a 3-bet can be used to steal chips from your opponents without having to see a flop. By 3-betting, you aim to win the blinds and antes uncontested, thereby increasing your chip stack without the need to contend with community cards.
1. Balance Your Range: Skilled poker players understand the importance of balancing their betting ranges. A balanced range means that opponents cannot easily determine whether your 3-bet signifies strength (a premium hand) or a bluff. By occasionally 3-betting with strong hands and also incorporating well-timed 3-bet bluffs into your strategy, you become more unpredictable and difficult to exploit.

A 3-bet in poker serves various primary objectives, including value extraction, isolation, pressure application, blind and ante stealing, and range balancing. Its impact on the dynamics of a hand is profound, as it increases pot size, applies pressure on opponents, reveals information about your playing style, and influences post-flop play.

## Can you explain the concept of a light 3-bet versus a value 3-bet in poker?

In the world of poker, the concept of a “light 3-bet” versus a “value 3-bet” is a crucial distinction that showcases the strategic depth and complexity of the game. These terms refer to two different approaches to making a 3-bet, each with its own set of objectives and considerations. To understand them better, let’s explore the concepts of light 3-bets and value 3-bets in poker:

Light 3-Bet:

A light 3-bet is a 3-bet made with a less-than-premium hand, one that might not be considered a strong value hand. The primary goal of a light 3-bet is not necessarily to extract value from your opponents but rather to apply pressure, and potentially win the pot without going to a showdown.

Here are some key aspects of a light 3-bet:

1. Applied Pressure: One of the main purposes of a light 3-bet is to put pressure on your opponents. By 3-betting with a hand that may not be a strong value hand but has potential post-flop playability (like suited connectors or lower pairs), you force your opponents to make difficult decisions.
1. Stealing Blinds and Antes: Light 3-bets are often used in late positions to steal blinds and antes. When you’re in a late position and the players in the blinds have tight ranges, you can exploit this by 3-betting liberally to win uncontested pots.
1. Risk and Reward: That light 3-bets come with higher risk because you’re investing chips with a less-than-strong hand. However, they can also offer a significant reward when executed correctly, as they can lead to winning pots without having to see a flop.

The key distinction between a light 3-bet and a value 3-bet in poker lies in the hand you hold and your objectives. A light 3-bet is a semi-bluff or a bluff made with a less-than-premium hand to apply pressure or win pots without the best hand. A value 3-bet is made with a premium hand to maximize profit by extracting value from your opponents.

## What factors should a player consider when deciding the size of their 3-bet?

Deciding the size of a 3-bet in poker is a critical strategic decision that requires careful consideration of various factors. The size of your 3-bet can significantly impact the dynamics of a hand, influence your opponents’ decisions, and ultimately determine the success of your strategy. Here are the key factors that a player should consider when deciding the size of their 3-bet:

1. Opponents’ Playing Styles:

Consider the playing styles of your opponents. Against tighter opponents who are likely to fold to aggression, a larger 3-bet size can be effective in extracting value or stealing pots. Against looser and more aggressive opponents, you may opt for a smaller 3-bet size to entice them into making mistakes.

2. Opponents’ Stack Sizes:

The stack sizes of your opponents should influence your 3-bet sizing. When your opponents have relatively large stacks compared to the blinds and antes, you can make a larger 3-bet to build a bigger pot. In contrast, if your opponents have shorter stacks, a smaller 3-bet may be sufficient to commit their stacks.

3. Table Dynamics:

Consider the overall dynamics of the table. Are there frequent raises and re-raises, or is the table playing passively? In a highly aggressive game, you may need a larger 3-bet size to fend off multiple opponents, while in a passive game, a smaller size may be sufficient to achieve your goals.

4. Pot Size:

The size of the pot before your 3-bet should influence your decision. If there have been multiple raises and re-raises before you, the pot may already be substantial. In this case, a smaller 3-bet size relative to the pot can still be significant, while avoiding overcommitment.

The size of your 3-bet should never be arbitrary; it should be a carefully considered decision based on a combination of factors, including hand strength, position, opponent tendencies, stack sizes, and table dynamics. The ability to adjust your 3-bet sizing based on the specific circumstances of each hand is a hallmark of skilled poker play.

## How does a player’s position at the poker table influence their decision to 3-bet?

A player’s position at the poker table is a critical factor that significantly influences their decision to 3-bet. The concept of position is fundamental in poker, and understanding how it impacts your 3-betting strategy for success. Let’s explore how a player’s position affects their decision to 3-bet and the strategic considerations involved:

1. Early Position:

In early positions, such as the Under the Gun (UTG) position or the seats immediately after it, players are at a disadvantage because they have limited information about their opponents’ actions. As a result, 3-betting in early position should generally be reserved for premium hands like high pairs (e.g., aces or kings) or strong high cards like Ace-King.

2. Middle Position:

In the middle position, players have slightly more about the actions of players in the early position but less about players in the late position. 3-betting in the middle position can include a mix of value 3-bets with premium hands and well-timed light 3-bets as a way to steal blinds or apply pressure.

3. Late Position (Button, Cutoff, Hijack):

Late position, particularly the button and the cutoff, is where players have the most advantageous position at the table. Consequently, players in late position are often the most active with their 3-betting.

4. Blind Positions (Small Blind and Big Blind):

The small blind (SB) and big blind (BB) positions are unique because they are forced to contribute to the pot before seeing their hole cards. This can lead to a more aggressive approach to 3-betting from the blinds.

A player’s position at the poker table plays a crucial role in their decision to 3-bet. It dictates the range of hands that can be considered for a 3-bet, with players in late position having more flexibility and freedom to 3-bet with a wider range.

## What are some common mistakes that players make when attempting a 3-bet in poker?

3-betting is a crucial and powerful tool in a poker player’s arsenal, but it’s also a move that can lead to costly mistakes when executed improperly. Here are some prevalent mistakes to watch out for:

1. Overusing the 3-Bet:

One common mistake is overusing the 3-bet. Some players become too aggressive with their 3-betting, 3-betting too frequently, and with too wide a range of hands. This can lead to unnecessary confrontations and chip hemorrhaging.

2. 3-Betting with Weak Hands:

3-betting with weak or marginal hands, especially out of position, is a significant error. Players may 3-bet hands like low-suited connectors or off-suit low cards, hoping to bluff their way to success. In most cases, these hands are better suited for folding or calling.

3. Ignoring Position:

Position is a crucial factor in 3-betting. One mistake is not considering your position when deciding to 3-bet. For instance, players might 3-bet with a weak hand from early positions, putting themselves at a positional disadvantage for the entire hand.

4. Inconsistent Sizing:

Inconsistent 3-bet sizing can telegraph the strength of your hand to observant opponents. Some players make the mistake of using the same bet size for both their value 3-bets and their bluff 3-bets, making it easier for opponents to read their intentions.

To avoid these common mistakes when attempting a 3-bet in poker, players should focus on developing a well-balanced 3-betting strategy. This involves considering factors such as hand strength, position, opponent tendencies, table dynamics, and post-flop playability.

## Conclusion

The concept of a “3-bet” in poker is a fundamental and strategic maneuver that adds depth and complexity to the game. The act of making the third aggressive bet in a particular betting round, with the first bet being the initial blind or ante, and the second bet being a raise. The 3-bet can serve various purposes, and understanding when and how to employ it is crucial for a successful poker player.

The primary objectives of a 3-bet include value extraction, isolation of opponents, application of pressure, stealing blinds and antes, and balancing one’s betting range. When used effectively, the 3-bet can extract maximum value from strong hands, force opponents to make difficult decisions and influence the dynamics of a hand.

A “light 3-bet” versus a “value 3-bet” represents two distinct approaches to this strategy. A light 3-bet involves 3-betting with a less-than-premium hand, often as a bluff or to apply pressure, while a value 3-bet is made with a strong hand to maximize profit by extracting value from opponents. Balancing these two types of 3-bets is a critical aspect of a skilled player’s repertoire.

A player’s position at the poker table is a pivotal factor that significantly influences their 3-betting decisions. Early positions require caution and a more narrow 3-betting range, while late positions provide more flexibility and room for aggression.

#### James Lopez

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